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Week in Review: May 22.2023 - May 26.2023

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May 30, 2023

Market Recap


US stocks closed higher on Friday as progress was made in talks to raise the US debt ceiling, while chip stocks jumped for the second day amid optimism about artificial intelligence. The S&P 500 index closed up 1.31 percent at 4,205.46 points. The Nasdaq Composite Index increased 2.19 percent to 12,975.69 points, while the Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 1 percent to 33,093.27 points at the close.

After several rounds of talks, a US official told Reuters that US President Joe Biden and Republican House Speaker Kevin McCarthy are close to reaching an agreement to raise the government’s debt ceiling of $ 31.4 trillion for two years, with a spending cap on most items.

The change in the Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) Price Index in the United States increased to 4.4% on an annual basis in April, up from 4.2% in March, according to the US Bureau of Economic Analysis on Friday. This number was higher than the market’s forecast of 3.9%.

The annual Core PCE Price Index, the Federal Reserve’s preferred measure of inflation, increased to 4.7% from 4.6% in the same period, above experts’ expectations of 4.6%. Core PCE inflation and PCE inflation both climbed 0.4% month on month.

Personal income increased 0.4% on a monthly basis, while personal spending increased 0.8%, according to the data.

U.S. personal spending quickens in April

Consumer spending in the United States increased in April, despite Americans feeling the pressure from rising interest rates and rising prices.

According to statistics released on Friday by the Commerce Department’s Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), personal consumption adjusted for inflation increased by 0.5% on a monthly basis, accelerating from a flat pace in March.

According to the BEA, shoppers spent more money on pricey things like as vehicles and auto components, as well as more money on insurance and financial services.

Meanwhile, personal income increased by 0.4% month on month, up from 0.3% previously, with compensation driven by private earnings and salaries.

US core capital goods orders rebound in April

New orders for important US-made capital goods surprisingly climbed in April, prompting cautious hope that company spending on equipment may improve in the second quarter after two consecutive drops.

The Commerce Department said on Friday that orders for non-defence capital goods excluding aeroplanes increased 1.4% last month, a frequently monitored indicator for company spending intentions. Data for March were revised higher, showing that these so-called core capital goods fell 0.6% rather than 1.1% as initially reported.


The dollar fell on Friday, but remained close to the highest level in two months against major currencies, amid expectations that US interest rates will remain high for a longer period.

Tension still hangs over the market due to the US debt ceiling negotiations between President Joe Biden and Republican House Speaker Kevin McCarthy, although the news that the two were close to reaching an agreement raised investor sentiment and halted the rise of the dollar.

The dollar fell from its highest level in six months against the yen in Asian trading and settled in the latest trading at 139.77 yen, after hitting 140.23 yen in the previous session, the highest level since November.

The dollar index fell 0.13 percent to 104.09 points against a basket of currencies, retreating from the highest level in two months, which it recorded on Thursday at 104.31 points.

However, the index was on track to gain more than 0.8 percent for the third week in a row as traders’ expectations increased about how high interest rates in the United States could go.

Money markets expect by 40 percent that the Federal Reserve will increase the interest rate by another 25 basis points at the monetary policy meeting next month, while expectations that it will start cutting interest rates later this year have receded.

Data released on Thursday showed that the number of Americans filing new applications for unemployment benefits rose last week to 229,000, lower than expected.


European stocks rose on Friday, supported by the mining and technology sectors, although the main indices were on their way to incur big weekly losses, as investors feared the US debt ceiling crisis and the global economic slowdown.

The pan-European STOXX 600 index was up 0.4 percent by 0707 GMT, after falling to an eight-week low at the close on Thursday.

Mining stocks rose 2.6 percent, following the path of higher metal prices, with global sentiment improving following progress in US debt ceiling negotiations, and technology stocks continued their recent series of gains.

Among mining companies, Rio Tinto rose 3.6% after Morgan Stanley (NYSE:MS) upgraded the stock’s rating.

French supermarket operator Casino, which is heavily indebted, fell 9 percent as it resumed trading after being suspended earlier this week.

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